Type I Diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. Although it can occur at any age, it usually develops before the age of 30. It often runs in families. About 12,000 children in the United States get diabetes every year. People with Type I diabetes usually don’t produce insulin because cells have been destroyed. Treatment of Type I diabetes requires a strict daily regimen that includes a carefully monitored diet, insulin injections, and monitoring of blood glucose.
Type II Diabetes is also known as non insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. It typically develops after the age of 40, but can appear earlier. People with Type II diabetes produce some insulin, but the body cannot use it effectively. Treatment includes weight loss (many Type II’s are overweight), proper diet, reduced sugar intake, and exercise. More severe cases may be treated with oral medication or insulin injections.
While the symptoms appear abruptly, the development of the disease actually occurs over a much longer period of time.
|Mikal Gorbechev – Soviet Premier
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Ernest Hemingway – Novelist
Mario Puzo — Novelist, “The Godfather”
H.G. Wells — Writer, Novelist
Arthur Ashe – Tennis
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Smokin’ Joe” Frasier – Boxing
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Art Shell – Football
Johnny Cash — Country Singer
David Crosby – Singer
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Patti LaBelle — Singer, Actress
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Andrew Lloyd Webber – Composer
Elvis Presley — “The King”, Rock Legend
Jack Benny – Entertainer
Jackie Gleason — Actor
George Lucas — Director, Producer,
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Minnie Pearl — Entertainer, Actress
Elizabeth Taylor — Actress, “Cleopatra”
Thomas Edison – Inventor
Howard Hughes – Industrialist
Ray Kroc — Founder of McDonald’s
Hypoglycemia occurs when there is too little sugar in the blood (when the blood glucose level is under 70). It can be caused by any of the following…
Hypoglycemia, unlike Hyperglycemia, has a sudden onset. Some signs of hypoglycemia include…
If you notice any of the symptoms listed above you should immediately check your blood glucose. If it is under 70 (or whatever it is your doctor has chosen for you to be considered low) you should immediately eat or drink one of the following…
10-15 minutes after treating your hypoglycemia, you should do another blood glucose test. If your blood glucose level has still not risen, you should take another dose of treatment from the list above. If your blood glucose level has risen, it is a good idea to have an additional snack of something substantial, such as a sandwich.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia:
If you have a blood glucose level over 240 mg/dL, you should test your urine using a ketone test kit. These test strips work by putting a sample of fresh urine on them, wait for the product’s specified time and match the color on the chart on the bottle. It is a good idea to record all ketone tests along with your regular blood glucose counts, and insulin dosages. If you have large amounts of ketones in your urine, you should then contact your Doctor or diabetes educator immediately for further instruction. If you have a “trace” or “small” amount of ketones in your urine you should, drink a glass of water every hour and test your blood glucose every three hours. If blood glucose and ketone levels are not going down after 2-3 tests, call your doctor.